The distinction between electrical and electronic devices is less clear than it used to be.
Traditionally, electrical devices were those which used electrical power but did not include electronic components (transistors, integrated circuits etc.). Examples would be lamps, heaters, vacuum cleaners and kitchen items such as kettles, refrigerators etc.
Today, however, many of these items contain electronic control components so that the distinction has become blurred.
Within this site, we use the term electronic equipment to describe devices where the electronics is the essence of the product - i.e. the product could not exist without it.
Electrical items are those which could perform their basic function without any electronics at all.
Within the European Union many items of electrical equipment are now categorised by their electrical efficiency at the point of sale.
By law, the European Community Energy Label must be displayed on all
new household products of the following types displayed for sale,
hire or hire-purchase:
• Refrigerators and freezers
• Washing machines and tumble dryers
• Electric ovens
• Air conditioners
In the USA, the Energy Star program is strongly established. This is a partnership between government and industry that offers businesses and consumers energy-efficient solutions.